HUBUNGAN KONDISI FISIK LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DAN PERILAKU ORANG TUA DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG

Castanea Cintya Dewi

Abstract


Acute Respiratory Infection is an acute infection that attacks the respiratory track that is organs starting from the nose to the alveoli and the adnexa tissue. Acute Respiratory Infection is a major health problem in Indonesia because it’s growing from year to year. In 2009 recorded 24.566 of Acute Respiratory Infection in the city of Semarang. Kedungmundu public health center topped the first occurrence of Acute Respiratory Infection for the children under five years in the city of Semarang with a incident rate of 186,9 per 1000 children under five years.

This research aims to find out correlation of ventilation wide, density, residential use of cooking fuel, parent’s pattern care, medical treatment searching’s and smoking habits. This research method using observational with case control study designs. The samples of this research are 31 cases and 31 controls. Data collection using questioner, observation and do direct measurement. Data analysis using univariat analysis and bivariat analysis using chi square test.

Based on the research results obtained ventilation wide and a density of dwelling are not eligible in case of groups more than control group. Cooking fuel in case group there are several of respondents are still using firewood.  Parent’s pattern care and medical treatment searching’s of respondents has been good. Smoking habits of case and control group are high. Based on the result of statistical test revealed that there was a correlation, ventilation wide (p= 0,011; OR = 4,444), density (p= 0,008; OR = 2,348), cooking fuels (p= 0,001; OR = 2,550).  There was no correlation parent’s pattern care (p= 0,088 ; OR= 3,284), medical treatment searching’s  (p= 1,000 ; OR= 2,069), smoking habits (p= 0,084 ; OR= 5,043). So it can be conclude that there is a meaningful correlation between ventilation wide, density and cooking fuels with acute respiratory infection. And there is no meaningful correlation between parent’s pattern care, medical treatment searching’s and smoking habits with acute respiratory infection


Keywords


Physical Environment of House Condition, Behaviour, Acute Respiratory Infection, Children Under Five Years

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Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Jl. Prof. Sudharto, Tembalang Semarang