HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR SISWI DENGAN KEJADIAN MENARCHE PADA REMAJA AWAL DI SMPN 11 KOTA SEMARANG BULAN JUNI-AGUSTUS 2012

Doni Anggar Kusuma

Abstract


The one characteristic of sex in young women is experiencing menstruation (menarche). Menarche may occur earlier at the age around 8, or could be slower at the 17 years. This point from the result of RISKESDAS 2012 which said about around 0,1 % in young girl in Central Java which has menarche in early 8 years old and around 26,3 % got menarche in age older than 14 years old.  Menarche in adolescents at SMP Negeri 11 Semarang, is influenced by several factors, including parental socioeconomic factor, neighborhood factor, psychological factor, student nutrition factor and student activity factors. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of some factors that influenced the incident of student menarche in teenager early at SMP 11 Semarang on the period of June to August 2012. This research is a kind of explanatory research by cross sectional study. The population in this study is all students from class VII and class VIII at SMP Negeri 11 Semarang in 234 students. The samples taken some 70 students, using the sampling technique (proportional random sampling), so the get of the samples number as many as around 40 students from class VII and class VIII in 30 students. The Using of the chi-square statistical test with yates near by  description, continuity correction and fisher exact test by linking the variables that influenced the menarche (socio-economic, influenced by audio visual, psychological, nutritional status, body activity) with the occurrence of menarche. The results of this study indicated that factors related to menarche is the student area (p = 0.000), and student nutritional status (p = 0.035). From this study it can be concluded that there is a connection between the student environment, student psychological, and student nutritional status with menarche occurrence. For the SMP 11 Semarang, is required by participation of UKS and BK (guidance and counseling) as a forum for health services at the school in providing reproductive health education, particularly in terms of personal hygiene as a preventive measure during menarche. For the young women, the factors that led to expect apart menarche can also be understood to apply to young women so that young women can be more vigilant in the face of menarche.


Keywords


menarche, influence for menarche

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Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

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